Today in history – Le Journal
Today in history
Today is Sunday, December 5, the 339th day of 2021. There are 26 days left in the year.
Today’s highlight in history:
On December 5, 1933, national prohibition ended when Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st Amendment to the Constitution, repealing the 18th Amendment.
To this date :
In 1791, composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died in Vienna, Austria, at the age of 35.
In 1792, George Washington was re-elected president; John Adams was re-elected vice president.
In 1848, President James K. Polk started the Gold Rush of 49 by confirming that gold had been discovered in California.
In 1932, the German physicist Albert Einstein obtained a visa allowing him to travel to the United States.
In 1952, the Great Smog of London fell on the British capital; the unusually thick fog, which contained toxic pollutants, lasted for five days and was accused of causing thousands of deaths.
In 1955, the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged to form the AFL-CIO under the leadership of its first president, George Meany.
In 1984, the action comedy “Beverly Hills Cop”, starring Eddie Murphy, was released by Paramount Pictures.
In 2002, Strom Thurmond, the oldest and (until Robert Byrd passed him) the longest-serving senator in history, celebrated his 100th birthday on Capitol Hill. (In a toast to South Carolina lawmaker, Republican Senate Leader Trent Lott appeared to express nostalgia for Thurmond’s segregationist past; the resulting political storm prompted Lott to step down from his leadership position.)
In 2003, the two influenza vaccine makers in the United States, Chiron and Aventis Pasteur, announced that they were running out of vaccine and would not be able to meet a surge in demand.
In 2009, a jury in Perugia, Italy convicted American student Amanda Knox and her ex-Italian boyfriend, Raffaele Sollecito (rah-fy-EHL’-ay soh-LEH’-chee-toh), of the murder of Knox’s British roommate Meredith Kercher and sentenced them to long prison terms. (After a series of reciprocal decisions, Knox and Sollecito were finally acquitted in 2015 by the highest Italian court.)
In 2013, Nelson Mandela, the anti-apartheid leader who became South Africa’s first black president, died at the age of 95.
In 2018, former President George HW Bush was mourned during a memorial service at the Washington National Cathedral attended by President Donald Trump and former Presidents Barack Obama, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter as well as their wives; Former President George W. Bush was among the speakers, praising his father as “the brightest of a thousand points of light.”
Ten years ago: The cash-strapped U.S. Postal Service announced cuts of $ 3 billion, with cuts to first-class postal service by spring 2012 and the elimination of more than 250 treatment centers. The NHL has opted for a bold realignment plan giving the league four conferences instead of six divisions and ensuring home and home playoffs between all teams.
Five years ago: President-elect Donald Trump chose retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson to be secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. South Carolina judge declared trial overturned after jury stalled in murder trial of former white cop Michael Slager in shooting death of black motorist , Walter Scott. (The following year, Slager pleaded guilty in federal court to violating Scott’s civil rights, and prosecutors dropped state murder charges; Slager was sentenced to 20 years in prison.) Marietta, Ga. Sentenced Justin Ross Harris to serve a life sentence without the possibility of parole after a jury found he intentionally let his 22-month-old son, Cooper, die in a Burning SUV.
A year ago: At a rally in Georgia where he urged his supporters to run for two Republican Senate candidates in the January runoff, President Donald Trump spread baseless allegations of misconduct in the November vote in Georgia and beyond. Hours before the rally, according to officials familiar with the call, Trump asked Republican Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp to order a special legislative session to give him the state’s electoral votes, even though Joe Biden had won the majority of votes; Kemp refused to do so. A college basketball game between Gonzaga and No.2 Baylor was called off less than 90 minutes before the announcement due to two positive COVID-19 tests in the Gonzaga program.
Today’s birthdays: author Joan Didion is 87 years old. Author Calvin Trillin is 86 years old. Actor Jeroen Krabbe (yeh-ROHN ‘krah-BAY’) is 77 years old. Opera singer Jose Carreras is 75 years old. Musician and singer Jim Messina is 74 years old. College Football Hall of Famous and former NFL quarterback Jim Plunkett is 74 years old. World Golf Hall of Fame Lanny Wadkins is 72 years old. Actor Morgan Brittany is 70 years old. Actor Brian Backer is 65. Art Monk, a member of the Professional and College Football Hall of Fame, is 64 years old. Country singer Ty England is 58 years old. Rock singer-musician John Rzeznik (REZ’-nihk) (The Goo Goo Dolls) is 56 years old. Country singer Gary Allan is 54 years old. Comedian-actor Margaret Cho is 53 years old. Writer-director Morgan J. Freeman is 52 years old. Actor Alex Kapp Horner is 52 years old. Actor Kali Rocha is 50 years old. Rock musician Regina Zernay (Cowboy Mouth) is 49 years old. Actress Paula Patton is 46 years old. Actress Amy Acker is 45 years old. Actor Nick Stahl is 42 years old. Actor Adan Canto is 40 years old. R&B singer Keri Hilson is 39. Actor Gabriel Luna is 39 years old. Actor Frankie Muniz is 36 years old. Actor Ross Bagley is 33 years old. Milwaukee Brewers All-Star outfielder Christia. n Yelich is 30 years old.